Let Weed Man Lawn Care strengthen your lawn! Our high quality grass seed will help replenish bare or damaged areas. Learn more about Weed Man’s Overseeding service here. Jack Frost Landscapes & Garden Center blog for updates on sales and products as well as gardening tips and tricks, recipes, crafts, and more! The team from Crop King Seeds gives us this guide to growing marijuana during the vulnerable seedling stage. Turns out it's just a little bit different that a grown plant.
Achieve a lush, green lawn with Weed Man’s overseeding service
Even with careful maintenance, it is inevitable that as your lawn matures, the grass will start to thin out. You can overcome this, however, with overseeding.
What is overseeding?
Overseeding is exactly what the name suggests: spreading grass seed overtop of the lawn. Overseeding allows homeowners to rejuvenate their already-existing lawn, rather than starting over with new sod.
If you are unsure whether your lawn needs overseeding or resodding, visit our blog post here .
How does overseeding work?
The process of overseeding varies depending on the type of grass being seeded, as well as the climate.
For cool season grasses , the best time to overseed is late summer to early fall. For warm season grasses , it is best to overseed in late spring, before the lawn begins the height of its growth period. Note that soil temperatures must be above 55 degrees Fahrenheit (or around 12 degrees Celsius) in order for the seed to germinate.
No matter the type of grass, there are some general rules that should be followed when overseeding.
It is important to mow your lawn before seeding so that the seeds embed in the soil, rather than sit on top of the lawn. We also recommend raking the soil to remove thatch and allow the seeds to reach the soil with ease.
Your Weed Man Lawn Care professional will then use a lawn spreader to overseed the right amount for your lawn with high quality product.
How do I maintain my lawn after overseeding?
Watering is the most important component for your seed to germinate. Seeds will require up to 4 weeks of daily watering to ensure that they stay moist. After Overseeding, water your lawn daily for 15 to 20 minutes in order to keep the seed moist. This is especially important if there is no supplemental water from natural rainfall.
It can also be beneficial to combine overseeding with mechanical core aeration , which will ensure that the seed makes contact with the soil.
Your local Weed Man Lawn Care professional can help you determine where and when your lawn could benefit from overseeding.
Stages of Growing Cannabis
Cannabis, weed, marijuana, kush, ganja – whatever you want to call it, it’s now legal to own and grow in the state of Virginia. So what does this mean for those interested in growing it?
Growing Cannabis for the first time can be quite overwhelming. A quick Google search will lead you to hundreds of results with more information than you can ever sift through. There’s so much to learn – lighting, pH, soils, training methods, curing, and so much more. Where does one start?
It’s really easy to fall down the rabbit hole of information online. The sheer amount of information can almost hinder you when you’re first getting started. I think it’s easiest to just get started and learn as you go.
Starting with gaining a general understanding of the stages of growing Cannabis is a great place to begin before you try growing for the first time. It will help you have a decent idea of what to expect along the way.
How long does Cannabis take to grow?
How long Cannabis takes to grow can vary based on the variety of the plant and conditions it is grown in. On average, from seed to harvest, it takes anywhere from 10-32 weeks (about 3-8 months). It’s a quicker process if you start with a clone (rooted cutting) or an autoflower seed. The biggest variability in how long a marijuana plant takes to grow will happen in the vegetative stage—after the seedling phase and before flowering.
Stages of Growing Cannabis
Every plant begins with a seed. Cannabis seeds should be germinated just like any other seed. They can take anywhere between 3-10 days to germinate, although it can happen in as few as 24 hours or as long as 2 weeks. To germinate, you can place the seeds in a damp paper towel, which you should then place in a dark place, such as inside a drawer. Check on them after a few days to see if the primary root, called the radicle, has emerged. This will look like a little white “tail” coming out of the seed. Once germinated, move them to damp soil.
Alternatively, you can place the seeds directly in damp soil to germinate and grow, without having the trouble of moving them. For this method, I would recommend a seed starting mix. These are usually lighter and fluffier than traditional potting soil, which gives your fragile germinating seeds a start on the right foot. We carry Coast of Maine Sprout Island Blend Organic Seed Starter Mix. It has additional perlite that aerates the soil and helps prevent damping off. It also has mycorrhizae, worm castings, lobster meal, hen manure, and kelp to get your plants off to a healthy start.
2. Seedling Stage
Once your seed has germinated, it’s now time to move the germinated seed from its paper towel to a growing medium. If you started them in a seed starting mix, you will want to move them from the seed tray to a larger pot with a high-quality potting mix, such as the Coast of Maine Stonington Blend Grower’s Mix. This is a super soil, that works especially well for growing Cannabis. It contains mycorrhizae, kelp, alfalfa meal, fish bone meal, worm castings, perlite, manure, peat, coir, and lobster compost that feed your plant throughout the growing cycle, with no need to use additional nutrients.
Plants are considered seedlings for about 2-3 weeks after germination. During this time, the plant should be moved to a spot with direct sun, if growing outdoors. If growing indoors, set your grow lights to run for 16 hours a day.
3. Vegetative Stage
After the seedling stage, Cannabis plants move to a vegetative stage. This is the time when the plant focuses on leaf production. It will not produce flowers at all during this stage, as the plant needs to grow plenty of leaves to take up enough photons (sunlight) to create the necessary energy to produce large flowers. The vegetative stage can last anywhere from 3 to 16 weeks, depending on the variety.
During this stage, indoor plants need 16-18 hours of light per day, and outdoor plants need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight (“full sun”), plus several hours of indirect sunlight. They will also need plenty of Nitrogen during this point, as Nitrogen is the nutrient that promotes healthy leaf growth.
The flowering stage is the last stage of the Cannabis plant life cycle. This is the time when your plant will stop putting as much energy into leaf growth and will instead focus that energy on creating the flowers (buds), which are used for medicinal and recreational purposes.
Stages of Flowering – Source: Katie Plummer
Cannabis is triggered to flower when the hours of light it receives are reduced. If you’re growing outdoors, you’re at the whim of the seasons and will have to wait until the sun starts to go down in fall for it to flower and then harvest. If you’re growing indoors, you get to play mother nature and can force your plant to flower at any point. When you’re ready for plants to start the flowering stage, change your lights to a 12/12 cycle ( 12 hours with the light on and 12 hours with it off ). You will see signs of flowering in 1-3 weeks . On average plants will be ready to harvest after 8-11 weeks of flowering.
Your plant will be ready to be harvested once flowers are compact and the pistils turn orange/brown. These pistils look like “hairs” coming out of the flowers.
To dry your Cannabis, hang sections of the plant upside down in a dark, cool space, such as a closet. You want to aim for 55-65% humidity and 60-70°F in the spot that you’re drying your plants in. Prolonged periods of light, friction from handling, and humidity/dampness can degrade resin glands, so you will want to avoid all of these.
During the drying process, plants lose roughly 75% of water weight, which increases the cannabinoid to weight ratio. It also helps equalize moisture content, preserve cannabinoids, and shed chlorophyll.
Cannabis is ready to trim once the stem snaps when bent, typically after 3-7 days of drying.
After your plant has dried, it’s time to trim! Trimming makes your fingers very sticky, so wear gloves if this is something you want to avoid. Simply trim off the larger leaves and stems. You can leave smaller sugar leaves if you’d like, as these still contain a good amount of cannabinoids and terpenes that provide the medicinal properties of Cannabis. It’s all personal preference of exactly how much you trim off. And you can save all the trimmings to make edibles, tinctures, salves, and more.
Curing is an essential part and the last stage in growing Cannabis. It helps the buds achieve full aroma. Curing is as simple as placing your freshly trimmed buds in a glass jar with a lid, like a mason jar. You’ll then want to place the jar in a cool, dark place, such as inside a drawer or in a cabinet.
During the first week of curing, you will want to “burp” your jars. This means you should open the containers once or twice a day for a couple minutes to allows moisture to escape and replenish the oxygen inside the container. After the first week, you only need to burp containers once every few days.
You should allow buds to cure for at least 2 weeks, but some people choose to cure for as long as 6 months. This helps stop the loss of moisture and to preserve flavors and aromas.
Tips For Growing Marijuana In The Seedling Stage
The team from Crop King Seeds gives us this guide to growing marijuana during the vulnerable seedling stage.
Your Cannabis plants will never be as vulnerable as they are in their seedling stage. Seedlings are prone to damage and disease than they are at any other stage in the plant’s life cycle. That’s why taking special care at this point in the growing process is a must.
While these warnings may sound dire, the truth is that while caring for cannabis seedlings is extremely important, it isn’t terribly difficult to do if you know what to look out for. This article is meant to serve as a beginner’s guide to caring for seedling cannabis.
These three basic steps should be enough to get you started:
1. Pots and Mediums for Cannabis
It’s important to choose the right container and growing medium for your seedling plants. Soil has always been a popular choice to germinate marijuana because it’s the simplest and most familiar medium.
Before you choose, you also have to take into account whether you’re using autoflowering seeds, or feminized seeds:
A Pot For Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds
When you choose to go with autoflowering seeds, you need whatever pot you choose to be able to accommodate the full grown plant. By choosing the right pot for your autoflowering seeds at this point, you will begin to see substantial growth within the first three weeks of your seedlings’ lives.
Regardless of the strain you use or what growing method you choose, the size of your pot should be between 1-5 liters. In this case, size does matter as the pot has a huge impact on the size of your weed plant, how often you need to water it, and most of all, its overall yield. We suggest choosing airpots, since they will offer the roots of your seedlings more oxygen than a standard pot might. The result of more oxygen is a healthier plant that will producer more buds.
Pots For Feminized Cannabis Seeds
Starting pots for feminized seeds to not need to be full sized, as it is extremely easy to transplant feminized seedlings from pot to pot.
2. Environmental Conditions for Growing Marijuana
Cannabis seedlings are delicate when it comes to their needs for growth. The environment they’re growing in should be fairly specific:
Cannabis Grow Room Lighting
Though seedlings are just small cannabis plants, they already need a specific type of light in order to flourish. The good news is that they don’t need the same intensity of light that their fully grown counterparts do, and a simple CFL light in the blue light spectrum should do just fine.
Watering the seedlings is where many first time growers experience their first real issues. It’s easy to over-water, so that’s something that needs to be very closely monitored during the seedlings stage.
3. Nutrients for a Cannabis Seedling
A cannabis plant will not grow to produce a potent bud without the help of right set of nutrients. Seedlings, however, do quite well in producing their own nutrients without interference. However, as your plant grows, it will slowly begin to require more than simple soil can provide.
Though you may be tempted to feed your seedlings anyway, Overfeeding is a pitfall that can easily end your plant’s lift prematurely. Some well meaning nutrient supplements could easily poison the seedling.
Crop King Seeds provides a large selection of both feminized and autoflowing seeds.