If you’re considering using CBD oil, you should speak to your GP or other healthcare professional to ensure that it is safe and appropriate for you to do so.
For all the above uses of CBD, more human studies are needed to draw conclusive results.
Contrary to popular belief, CBD oil is legal in the UK as it is not a controlled substance. There are, however, strict restrictions over its THC content. CBD oil that isn’t medically prescribed can only have a maximum THC content of 0.2%. CBD oil products that have a higher THC content may be available to buy online, but not legally.
What is CBD oil used for?
CBD may also have the potential to help reduce acne; however, it is important to note that this research is still in its infancy.
Early evidence looking into the use of CBD in the treatment of anxiety and depression has found some exciting results – although on very small samples. The first study assessed anxiety links with public speaking; it found a very specific dose of CBD (300mg) showed anti-anxiety effects. The second study was a stand-alone case report of one child with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It found CBD oil helped the child safely reduce her anxiety and improve sleep.
A small number of patients in the UK may be prescribed a cannabis-based medicine to treat epilepsy or nausea during chemotherapy. Visit the NHS website for more information on medical cannabis.
Although the use of CBD is controversial, it does seem to be tolerated by most people. It has, however, caused hypotension and light-headedness in a small number of patients. As it does not contain the THC part of the cannabis plant, the oil will not induce a ‘high’.
CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status is in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction, and while the federal government still considers CBD in the same class as marijuana, it doesn’t habitually enforce against it. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical cannabis license. The government’s position on CBD is confusing, and depends in part on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD is expected to change, as there is currently bipartisan consensus in Congress to make the hemp crop legal which would, for all intents and purposes, make CBD difficult to prohibit.
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Is cannabidiol legal?
Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may be prove to be an option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD is currently is mostly available as an unregulated supplement, it’s difficult to know exactly what you are getting. If you decide to try CBD, talk with your doctor — if for no other reason than to make sure it won’t affect other medications you are taking.
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been recently covered in the media, and you may have even seen it as an add-in booster to your post-workout smoothie or morning coffee. What exactly is CBD? Why is it suddenly so popular?
CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some of the cruelest childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which typically don’t respond to antiseizure medications. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and, in some cases, it was able to stop them altogether. Videos of the effects of CBD on these children and their seizures are readily available on the Internet for viewing, and they are quite striking. Recently the FDA approved the first ever cannabis-derived medicine for these conditions, Epidiolex, which contains CBD.
Research indicates that CBD can interact with medications including:
Although CBD oil is legal in most states within the U.S. and can be purchased at your local drug/health food stores, smoke shops, and gas stations, only one CBD product has been reviewed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for safety. That drug, Epidiolex, is a purified form of CBD that was approved by the FDA in 2018 for the treatment of certain seizure disorders. During their review of Epidiolex, the FDA did identify an increased risk of liver injury from the product but determined the risk could be managed provided the drug was taken under medical supervision.
CBD appears to have a similar effect, which is quite concerning, as approximately 60% of medications on the market interact with CYP3A4 enzymes. Check the FDA website for information about which drugs don’t interact well with grapefruit. And always consult your healthcare provider, prior to using CBD, for medical advice specific to your needs.
Potential risks with CBD oil
While some CBD providers submit their products for independent lab testing, other providers do not and have no verifiable way of proving what is contained within their oil. Since the industry is largely unregulated currently, consumers often have little insight into what the products contain unless they are able to access the results.
CBD is short for cannabidiol, a chemical which is extracted from the hemp plant and then diluted with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil. While both CBD and marijuana are derived from the cannabis plant, CBD does not contain enough tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) to produce mind-altering effects. Hemp contains 0.3% or less THC, while marijuana contains higher than 0.3% THC.
The FDA also warns that testing of some CBD products has revealed the presence of contaminants like pesticides and heavy metals, and that some did not contain the levels of CBD claimed.
It is illegal for companies to promote their CBD products as a cure, treatment, or prevention of any specific disease or condition. Companies that make such claims are sent a warning letter from the FDA.