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how is cbd oil made

To extract CBD -rich cannabis oil, one must start with CBD -rich plant material. There are many ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, each has its pros and cons. Some methods are safer and more effective than others. Cannabis oil made with neurotoxic solvents like butane and hexane may leave unsafe residues that compromise immune function and impede healing.

Medical patients swear by it. Researchers are intrigued by it. Government regulators are flustered by it. And investors are head over heels for it. But what exactly is CBD oil?

Vaporizer pens are a trendy and discrete manner to vaporize cannabis medicine. However, commonly used thinning agent in many products on the market are harmful when heated and inhaled.

Look for products with clear labels showing the quantity and ratio of CBD and THC per dose, a manufacturing date, and a batch number (for quality control). Select products with quality ingredients that are lab tested and safely extracted.

The benefits of using IPA when creating clean and compliant CBD products are numerous. IPA consistently delivers high quality, pure CBD within the highest production standards. It offers an excellent safety profile and multiple medical uses, as well as being used in many health and beauty products. This extraction method plays a key role in determining the type and relative quantities of the extractable plant components that need to be removed during the purification process.

Generally speaking, any commercial CBD extraction technique will require the use of solvents. These solvents are important because they’re highly efficient in separating the CBD molecule from the other compounds found in the cannabis plant, and in purifying the solution. Afterwards, the solvent evaporates, leaving behind only pure CBD Oil.

Although this extraction process is known to be safe, efficient and with an end result that is potent, it’s important to be aware that this process isn’t always alcohol free. Material extracted with CO 2 typically needs to be further refined with an alcohol solvent to create CBD isolate or distillate.

Alcohol Extraction

As Grass & Co. are committed to delivering the best quality CBD Oil to our customers, we have discovered that alcohol (IPA) is the most effective solvent to use to ensure complete consistency during the extraction process.

Cannabidiol (CBD) can be briefly defined as a natural extract from the hemp plant. It contains no trace of THC so is both legal and non-intoxicating. Unlike THC, CBD has no addictive or psychoactive elements. As a result, many people are known to use CBD for its restorative properties.

Although it’s easy to solely focus on the specific type of process or solvent a product uses, this doesn’t tell the whole story about your CBD. Extraction is only the beginning. While solvents are used in the extraction process, all that’s left in the end is refined CBD. More importantly, the quality of our final product is dependent on our stringent manufacturing practices and standards, as well as the significant investment in testing.

Creating CBD isolate or distillate is not a solvent-free process, and though solvent selection is significant, it’s not the only piece that supports the extraction process. Following extraction, the CBD Oil goes through a precise, multi-stage refinement and distillation process until all that is left is the pure CBD Oil.

The process starts with a solid piece of CO2 in a chamber that is then pumped into a second chamber containing the cannabis material. The second chamber is kept at such a pressure that the CO2 stays in a liquid-like state and absorbs the plant’s oils and flavors. Then, the CO2-cannabinoid mixture is pumped into a third chamber where the CO2 returns to a gas state, leaving behind the plant’s oil and flavors. CO2 extraction is exact and can produce some of the purest cannabinoid extracts when done correctly. However, this is not always the case because of the high cost of equipment and the steep learning curve.

Before starting oil infusion, the plant material must first be decarboxylated or heated to a specific temperature to activate the compounds. The plant material is added to olive oil or a similar carrier oil and heated at 100 degrees Celsius for a couple of hours. The olive oil can’t evaporate out of the CBD oil, so one of the primary downsides is that a lot more oil is used compared to the amount of liquid solvents used in their processes.

One of the more popular extraction methods for CBD oil uses carbon dioxide, or CO2. This system takes advantage of how CO2 can function as a gas, solid, and liquid. Closed-loop extractors are most commonly used for CO2 extraction.

Ethanol

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is one of the many chemical compounds found in hemp and marijuana plants. CBD oil is a supplement that can be added to a variety of different products, such as lip balm, lotion, drinks, and gummies. CBD oil is created by extracting cannabidiol from the flowers and buds of hemp or marijuana plants. The plant cannabis sativa can be classified as either hemp or marijuana, depending on the amount of THC, the chemical that creates a high when consumed, in it. If the particular sativa plant contains less than 0.3 percent THC, it is technically hemp. If the plant has more than 0.3 percent THC, it’s classified as marijuana. Hemp is generally used more for CBD extraction, as it contains more CBD and is legal in all 50 states. But how is the CBD extracted from the plant? The process varies by CBD manufacturer.

For further CBD oil refinement, it is run through a process called short path distillation. This secondary takes advantage of the fact that different CBD oil compounds each have their own boiling point. Short path distillation starts by slowly heating the CBD oil until the unnecessary substances such as terpenoids, flavonoids, and contaminates, begin to boil off. Sometimes a vacuum is also used to separate the vapors with a lower boiling point.

The mixture is then placed in a deep freezer at below-zero temperatures. Once it has time to freeze overnight, it looks cloudy and is ready for filtration. The filter removes the fats and other such materials. The oil and alcohol mixture is placed in vessels that use paper filters. The actual CBD oil remains with the alcohol solution and passes through the filter while the unwanted frozen parts are caught by it. When the oil is of the desired quality, the mixture can be heated to alcohol’s boiling point, which is lower than that of CBD oil, to boil off the alcohol. The alcohol evaporates, and CBD oil is left behind.

Liquid solvent extraction is a less expensive and easier way to extract CBD oil and is easy to scale for commercial production, but it has its downsides. Not all solvents can remove all impurities, and the chlorophyll from the plant may remain in the oil, giving it a greenish tinge and a bitter taste. A CBD manufacturer must adjust the process as needed to avoid impurities. As many of the liquid solvents used are highly flammable, this method can be considered more dangerous than others.