In fact, the endocannabinoid system has been found to be largely responsible for controlling gut functions. Maintaining gut health is incredibly important for overall health and well-being. The gut communicates directly with the brain and also influences the immune system, mood level, and more. When your gut is not healthy the following conditions could arise:
If you’re considering CBD while also trying to lose weight, you may be concerned that CBD will make you eat more. Does CBD induce hunger? Cannabis is widely known for its appetite-boosting properties. Many people don’t realize that the plant family is comprised of hundreds of compounds, and not all of them are capable of inducing ‘the munchies’.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the two most widely-studied compounds of the cannabis plant. While THC is known for its psychoactive effects, it is equally well-known for its ability to trigger hunger. Because CBD and THC are both popular cannabinoids, the two can sometimes be conflated.
Does CBD Impact Appetite At All?
CB1 and CB2 receptors help regulate inflammation in the gut. The endocannabinoid system also aids in helping the gut communicate with the brain. Thus CBD could help to improve gut health, which could indirectly result in healthy weight gain or healthy weight loss if appetite was out of balance.
The CB1 receptors play a large role in regulating hunger and appetite. In fact, they can be found in areas of the brain that influence the way we feel and perceive food. These areas include the hypothalamus and basal ganglia. The hypothalamus regulates appetite and controls the onset of sensations like hunger and thirst.The basal ganglia is the reward system of the brain and it creates the sensation of pleasure derived from eating.
In addition to interacting with CB1 receptors, THC also stimulates the production of a hormone known as ghrelin. Ghrelin is a hunger hormone that is released when the stomach is empty. When ghrelin is produced when the stomach isn’t empty, you can feel hungry even when you’re not.
It is through the above interactions that THC triggers appetite when introduced into the body. Unlike THC, CBD primarily interacts with the CB2 receptors and does not interact with the CB1 receptors the same way THC does. This means that CBD won’t get you high and also won’t lead to the feeling of having the munchies.
The Cannabis sativa species has a reputation for affecting how much we eat because of THC. By binding with cannabinoid receptors in the brain, THC overrides the signals that would usually tell our body we’re full. However, in the case of CBD oil, we aren’t dealing with THC. Instead, CBD oils are derived from hemp, a selectively bred variant of Cannabis sativa low in THC and devoid of psychotropic side effects.
For example, imagine you’re at a family gathering or work event. Even if you’ve eaten beforehand, it’s highly likely you’ll indulge in food or snacks being passed around. In this scenario, it is not the physical need for food that drives us, but a physiological one—how we think and feel also affects how much or how often we eat.
Can CBD oil increase appetite?
Humans are creatures of habit, but with busy work and social schedules, eating is usually the first activity we drop. However, only eating when we can, and not at fixed intervals, is a surefire way to develop unhealthy eating habits. Instead, if we try to eat at the same time throughout the day, it can stop us from binging and trying to satiate our hunger with snacks.
Appetite, on the other hand, is the desire to eat. When we’re hungry, we need food, that’s inevitable, but our appetite defines the types of foods we like and find appealing. Simply put, appetite is “a natural desire to satisfy a bodily need, especially food”.
It’s important to realise that our relationship with food is just as emotional as it is physical. While CBD oil may affect appetite differently in different people, including it as part of a healthy diet provides an excellent start to your wellness journey.
Recent research has firmly established a clear link between the gut (gastrointestinal system) and the brain. The above information suggests that if CBD stimulates Dopamine and Serotonin production, it may lead to increased appetite. However, what most people don’t know is that this process works in reverse.
When CBD acts on the CB-1 receptors which are primarily located in the brain, it may have a regulatory effect and therefore could act either as an agonist or antagonist. An agonist binds to neuro-receptors in the brain to promote or stimulate the production of certain chemicals and hormones in the body. An antagonist has the opposite effect, slowing or preventing the production of chemicals and hormones.
In some cases, where excessive eating is of concern, CBD may help to reduce the production of Ghrelin (and therefore the feelings of hunger) and increase chemicals that are released to tell the body that it is full. This process may significantly reduce appetite.
Why Is Stimulating Appetite Important?
Vitamins and minerals (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, etc.) play a vital role in assisting the body, as well as the three food groups, with all the different systems in the body and functions of these systems. A deficiency in any of these nutrients can have a dire effect on overall health and well being.
This suggests that CBD products may be used as an appetite suppressant and result in weight loss in some cases. However, the compound is primarily advised to help stimulate appetite rather than act as a weight loss supplement.
Although appetite and hunger go hand-in-hand, they are different. Appetite refers to wanting to eat rather than needing to eat – like with hunger. It determines what we like to eat, when we eat, and how much we eat. But just like hunger, appetite is controlled by the brain.
The three food groups include: