An oil, concentrate, or extract is any product derived from cannabis flower that is processed into a concentrated form, but each type of cannabis oil is unique.
(Grant Hindsley for Leafly)
Types of cannabis oil
C annabis oils, concentrates, and extracts—these all serve as umbrella terms under which sits a warehouse of different products: vape oil, hash, tinctures, dabs, CBD oil, and every other product dreamed up by cannabis chemists.
But why bother with concentrates when you have tried-and-true bud? Flower may be good enough for you, but there are many reasons to explore the many options—and medicines—offered in extract form:
In this series, we’ll explore the many cannabis concentrate options available to you (depending on your local cannabis laws). Here’s a brief list of broad extract types to familiarize you with what’s to come in this series:
Shark Laser 2018-10-21
Dear Tim, thank you so much for your excellent website. I am planning to make a tincture for sublingual consumption. As far as I understand the most suitable methods are QWET and olive oil extraction. Will both yield similar amounts of THC? Presumably olive oil based tincture will be far more pleasant than ethanol based tincture (which is known to burn under the tongue)? I am not looking for any sort of edibles but am interested in fast-acting effects that are easy to dose (and repeat). It seems that olive oil based extraction is far more convenient than Ethanol based extraction so the question is which offers the best yield, absorption into the blood stream and shelf life of the end product. Many thanks for your help Sharky
The active ingredients of marijuana are fat soluble so that it is also possible to extract cannabinoids using vegetable oil, such as olive oil or coconut oil. This needs to be heated for some time to decarb the cannabinoids to the active form. After decarboxylation it can be dosed via drops under the tongue (sublingually) or directly mixed in the food, such as salads or juices. This type of oil is mainly used by patients who want to benefit from the medicinal properties of marijuana.
BHO is a concentrate of the aromatic and active principles of the cannabis plant made by using liquid butane as solvent. Of course, butane is later removed – purged – by using different techniques. This form of extraction is very famous in the U.S. and Canada and is also becoming increasingly demanded in Europe, as evidenced by the success of Dab-a-Doo and other cannabis events which gather cannabis extract lovers.
Cannabis extractions with alcohol
Tim Alchimia 2018-10-22
Hi Sharky, thanks for your comment and question. You’re right about the burning effect of Ethanol tinctures, which I know from personal experience can be very unpleasant. Olive, Sesame or Coconut Oils are all great alternatives to use as a carrier for the cannabinoids. A basic and not-particularly-concentrated tincture can be made by simply cooking cannabis in Olive Oil, it will perform an efficient extraction, capturing the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes and waxes. This method has a few slight disadvantages, the first is that it can’t be reduced down into a more concentrated form, so doses will have to be higher, secondly the potency will be something of an unknown, meaning that dosages will have to be established via bioassay, ie trying it out and seeing how it affects you, then adjusting the dose accordingly. Lastly, Olive Oil is perishable so doesn’t last a very long time. If you’d like to have a more precise idea of the cannabinoid content of your tincture, then you can perform an Ethanol extraction and then once all the alcohol has peen evaporated you can infuse the resulting concentrate into your carrier oil of choice, and by weighing the extract and the oil, you can achieve the precise concentration required, which will greatly facilitate dosing. It also makes it really easy to get the same results every time you make the tincture. This method also has its disadvantages, the process takes time, and it’s difficult to retain the terpenes in the extraction during the evaporation process, so it’s not what I’d call a full-spectrum extraction for an entourage effect, although cannabinoid levels will be relatively high. Of course, this is easily remedied by adding a few drops of terpenes to your tincture, giving a flavour of your choice. A more natural option would be to make Rosin, a terpene and cannabinoid-rich method of extraction that doesn’t involve using solvents like alcohol. It’s my personal preference when it comes to extractions, and can be carried out with as little equipment as a hair-straightener and oven parchment! It can then be combined with your selected carrier oil, just like with the QWET extraction. Remember that in both cases, the extraction will need to be decarbed to activate the THC before being mixed with the oil. I hope that’s helped, all the best and happy extracting!
Caution: Rick Simpson oil contains THC, that is why its sale is banned in most countries. There are some scammers who take advantage of the high demand from patients to make money. Do not be fooled! Most online sellers offering Rick Simpson oil are scammers! These persons are especially active in social networks like Facebook.
Thus, a cannabinoid extraction from hemp flowers can be made to concentrate its active principles, especially CBD. Generally, it is diluted in any vegetable oil (olive, coconut . ) to facilitate both dosage and use. Since CBD cannabis oil contains no THC traces (less than 0.2%), its sale and use are legal in most countries. This type of oil is suitable for medicinal use because it has no recreational, psychoactive effect.
A list you have stated is great to know but I do believe that you can include new trendy automated cartridges like vape pen C-Cell to get a genuine & safe dosage.
The most common question surrounding hemp oil is whether or not that is the same thing as “CBD oil.”
Some cannabis oils may even be made with lesser-utilized parts of the plants like stems, or may contain a mix of oils, such as hemp seed oil blended with another carrier oil. With all of these variables to consider, distinguishing between high quality oil made from cannabis flower and lower quality products can be challenging.
Butane Hash Oil (BHO), also sometimes called Butane Honey Oil, is a resinous oil extracted from cannabis plants. As the name suggests, this technique is performed using butane as the primary solvent.
Sativa seed oil (hemp seed oil)
Hemp oil is often confused with CBD oil, mostly due to inconsistencies in the definition of hemp. The amount of THC allowed in hemp from a regulatory perspective is generally between 0.2 and 1% THC, depending on what country you are in. The EU has the limit set lowest at 0.2% THC, the US has a max of 0.3%, and some countries like Switzerland permit hemp to contain up to 1% THC.
THC oil is oil made from THC-rich cannabis flowers. It can be made in several different ways and infused into several different types of carrier oils. You can buy (and make) full spectrum THC oils as well.
Lipid-based extractions infuse fats, usually carrier oils, with cannabis until cannabinoids are absorbed. Lipid extractions are the classic example of making cannabutter at home. While less precise and efficient than other extraction processes, they tend to preserve many of the plant’s cannabinoids and are relatively easy to do, making this an ideal extraction method for patients.
Hemp is, in simplistic terms, a CBD-rich cannabis plant. The only difference between the two is that the amount of THC in hemp is federally regulated. In the US, hemp must contain no more than 0.3% THC.