Hemp-derived terpenes are formed inside cannabis trichomes, and their relative presence is directly affected by both the spectrum and intensity of light exposure. Terpene profiles vary amongst hemp plants, influencing their unique aroma profiles. Different hemp plants will produce distinct scents based on their unique blend of terpenes.
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Why Do Plants Produce Terpenes?
Terpenes are fragrant organic compounds found in hemp and other plants that bind to receptors in the human body and carry a variety of health benefits.* Terpenes are responsible for the aroma and flavors of some hemp-derived CBD products, like our Original Formula, and influence its effects by interacting with cannabinoids.
There are many distinct types of terpenes, each with a unique aroma profile and purpose. Some of the most common terpenes found in hemp plants are:
Charlotte’s Web™ Original Formula has a unique cannabinoid and terpene profile which helps to provides its unique user experience and benefits.* It is helpful to know that our Original Formula’s top three terpenes are beta-Caryophyllene, alpha Bisabolol, and alpha-Humulene.
You might also see CBD isolate products on the market. These are 99% pure CBD with no other plant compounds present, which means no Entourage Effect.
A lot of terpenes are classified as bioactive . Basically, this means that they could affect the body when ingested. But this depends on their concentration and how they’re consumed. Terpenes bind to our brain’s receptors when we consume them. This produces a physiological response that can influence the production of different neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin. In other words, terpenes can have a positive impact on our physical, mental, and emotional health. This is why they’re used in essential oils and aromatherapy to impact mood, stress levels, and other health indicators.
Scientifically speaking, terpenes are aromatic compounds that are found in several species of plants and herbs. These are the compounds that give plants their characteristic scents. Essentially, terpenes make pine smell like pine, lavender smell like lavender, and orange peel smell like orange peel. They’re commonly used to manufacture flavors and scents in a lot of consumer grade products like fragrances, lotions, and even some foods. But they’re most frequently associated with cannabis. That's because more than 200 different terpenes have been found in cannabis plants – a much higher concentration than other plants. We at Colorado Botanicals think that is important.
There’s more to CBD’s therapeutic benefits than CBD itself
Once you’ve found Broad or Full Spectrum CBD products, you should verify that they actually contain terpenes. You can check this information by viewing the CBD company’s lab reports. Below, you’ll find a lab report that demonstrates what a good terpene profile looks like.
To understand how wide-ranging terpenes’ benefits are, it helps to take a deeper look at some of the specific terpenes found in CBD:
What are terpenes?
You should look for either Full Spectrum or Broad Spectrum products when you purchase CBD. Full Spectrum products contain all phytochemicals naturally found in hemp plants, including CBD, cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils. They have THC content of .3% or below. Broad Spectrum products contain CBD and all other compounds from the hemp plant, but all THC has been removed.
Terpenes are aromatic oils found in mature Cannabis sativa buds. Each terpene has a unique aroma and flavor, and research into terpenes suggests that these oils may offer potent benefits aside from smelling and tasting good.
Secret Nature Secret Dream is like Blue Dream but without the THC. This sativa-dominant hybrid strain has a terpene profile that’s relaxing and invigorating at the same time, and Secret Dream has a light color profile that’s accompanied by a thick layer of frosty trichomes.
What are terpenes in CBD oil?
Every strain of Cannabis sativa contains at least some myrcene, and in most strains, myrcene is the dominant terpene. While most hemp strains only contain tiny concentrations of other terpenes, myrcene molecules are often present in relatively high quantities, and this terpene has a musky, earthy aroma. Myrcene is also found in thyme, lemongrass, hops, and mangoes.
While commonly used in Chinese medicine under the name “moxa,” Borneol hasn’t received much attention in the Western world until recently. This terpene is extremely rare in hemp, but it appears that borneol has powerful analgesic properties that complement its sharp, herbal aroma. Borneol is also found in camphor, mint, and mugwort.
Hemp contains dozens of different terpenes and the exact terpene profile that hemp contains varies from strain to strain. In the following list, we’ll introduce you to 13 different CBD terpenes. Some of these terpenes are found in almost every Cannabis sativa cultivar, and others are relatively rare. Let’s dive in: