Posted on

cbd stands for

Currently, cannabis is illegal unless you are in a state that allows it for medical or recreational use. Hemp CBD, on the other hand, is legal in the majority of states. That is, as long as it’s properly sourced following regulations in the 2018 Farm Bill.

CBD interacts directly with numerous components in the body and the central nervous system. A few of these are components of the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

With its recent rise in popularity, there has been a lot more interest surrounding CBD.

CBD Derived from Hemp vs. Marijuana

CBD also does some very important work outside of the ECS. For example, it mildly activates one of the brain’s predominant serotonin receptors, 5-HT1A. This could explain why CBD is reportedly useful in the treatment of anxiety and depression.

How CBD interacts with the body and brain is rather complicated. To date, scientists have found more than a dozen different ways that CBD affects us.

CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.

More importantly, CBD could have numerous therapeutic benefits. These include anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, anti-anxiety, seizure-suppressant, and analgesic properties.

Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability. CBD can increase the level in your blood of the blood thinner coumadin, and it can raise levels of certain other medications in your blood by the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does. A significant safety concern with CBD is that it is primarily marketed and sold as a supplement, not a medication. Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements. So, you cannot know for sure that the product you buy has active ingredients at the dose listed on the label. In addition, the product may contain other (unknown) elements. We also don’t know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any particular medical condition.

CBD has been touted for a wide variety of health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some of the cruelest childhood epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which typically don’t respond to antiseizure medications. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and, in some cases, it was able to stop them altogether. Videos of the effects of CBD on these children and their seizures are readily available on the Internet for viewing, and they are quite striking. Recently the FDA approved the first ever cannabis-derived medicine for these conditions, Epidiolex, which contains CBD.

CBD is commonly used to address anxiety, and for patients who suffer through the misery of insomnia, studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.

Is CBD safe?

Image: yavdat/Getty Images

CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status is in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction, and while the federal government still considers CBD in the same class as marijuana, it doesn’t habitually enforce against it. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical cannabis license. The government’s position on CBD is confusing, and depends in part on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD is expected to change, as there is currently bipartisan consensus in Congress to make the hemp crop legal which would, for all intents and purposes, make CBD difficult to prohibit.

Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may be prove to be an option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD is currently is mostly available as an unregulated supplement, it’s difficult to know exactly what you are getting. If you decide to try CBD, talk with your doctor — if for no other reason than to make sure it won’t affect other medications you are taking.

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a "high." According to a report from the World Health Organization, "In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD."

You can inhale vape oils using a special vape e-pen.

You have an endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a system of neurotransmitters (lipid-based retrograde) that regulate various physiological responses in your body, including:

Innovative science has shown the ECS is disregulated in almost all pathological disorders. Therefore, it makes sense that regulating ECS activity might have therapeutic potential in just about any condition affecting humans, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists suggestions in a 2014 publication.

How Do You Use CBD?

There are still a great deal of questions individuals have about CBD. Fortunately, there’s plenty of information available at your fingertips.

Based on current information, researchers found CBD interacts with your ECS’s receptors, and can influence them in various ways to help regulate the various properties listed above. It’s been particularly found to interact highly with pain pathways of your brain and spinal cord.

It’s not a question any more about whether or not cannabis lives up to the promise as an herbal medicine. Today, the main challenge is figuring out how to best use cannabis and CBD for maximum therapeutic benefit. And, many individuals are using CBD as a supplement to their current treatment plans given it’s low-risk profile.

According to ClinicalTrials.gov, there are around 150 in-progress trials testing CBD as a potential treatment for a large range of health conditions, including: