CBD is readily obtainable in most parts of the United States, though its exact legal status is in flux. All 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with varying degrees of restriction, and while the federal government still considers CBD in the same class as marijuana, it doesn’t habitually enforce against it. In December 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct CBD trials. Currently, many people obtain CBD online without a medical cannabis license. The government’s position on CBD is confusing, and depends in part on whether the CBD comes from hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD is expected to change, as there is currently bipartisan consensus in Congress to make the hemp crop legal which would, for all intents and purposes, make CBD difficult to prohibit.
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a "high." According to a report from the World Health Organization, "In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD."
Is cannabidiol legal?
Some CBD manufacturers have come under government scrutiny for wild, indefensible claims, such that CBD is a cure-all for cancer, which it is not. We need more research but CBD may be prove to be an option for managing anxiety, insomnia, and chronic pain. Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies we can’t pinpoint effective doses, and because CBD is currently is mostly available as an unregulated supplement, it’s difficult to know exactly what you are getting. If you decide to try CBD, talk with your doctor — if for no other reason than to make sure it won’t affect other medications you are taking.
CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More study in humans is needed in this area to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents about pain control.
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been recently covered in the media, and you may have even seen it as an add-in booster to your post-workout smoothie or morning coffee. What exactly is CBD? Why is it suddenly so popular?
The 2 main active components that are the current focus of research are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). However, there are many other components that may be beneficial and will be the focus of research in the future.
There are two schemes under which clinical trials involving therapeutic goods, including medicinal cannabis may be conducted in Australia:
There are many claims about the beneficial use of medicinal cannabis products for a wide range of conditions. Most of these claims lack solid scientific backing, because cannabis is an illegal drug and it has been difficult for researchers to run research trials.
Research on medicinal cannabis
Participants in clinical trials for medicinal cannabis will use pharmaceutical medicinal cannabis products approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) and the relevant Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC).
There are different types of cannabis, and these can contain over 400 various compounds in the raw form. We need to research cannabis products using known stable active components, so that treatment outcomes can be compared and replicated.
The results of ongoing clinical trials will establish an evidence base for medicinal cannabis and inform future treatment decisions.
Clinical trials are research investigations in which people volunteer to test new medications and treatments as a means to manage various medical conditions.
Study site: Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Glebe, NSW 2037
Exploring the effects of combined CBD and THC (20:1) on sleep and brain activation in patients with insomnia disorder. Eligible participants undergo two overnight sleep studies receiving randomised active and placebo treatments. This study is being led by Professor Ron Grunstein. See here for more information.
Exploring the effect of combined THC and CBD (1:1) on tics in patients with Tourette syndrome. Eligible participants will undergo two 8-week treatment periods receiving either active or placebo treatment. This study is being led by Dr Philip Mosley. See here for more information.