In 2018, President Trump signed the amended Farm Bill, legalizing hemp on the federal level. Hemp was removed from the list of controlled substances and reclassified as an agricultural commodity.
Hemp plants are grown for a variety of uses, including food, paper, clothes, housing, fuel, and health supplements such as CBD oil.
Below we take a look at Iowa’s cannabis laws to clear up potential confusion and dive into the quality standards for CBD products — and why transparency is so important in this unregulated market.
Guide to Buying CBD in Iowa
Unfortunately, Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller decided to ban CBD oil for those who are not suffering from a medical condition. In other words, it’s illegal to sell and buy CBD products locally without permission.
Of course, that didn’t stop CBD stores from popping up, but these places are openly breaking the law.
If you get caught with marijuana in Iowa, you can spend up to 6 months in prison and be charged with a $1000 fine. Subsequent offenses can extend the prison time and lead to larger fines.
Yes, as long as it comes from industrial hemp and contains 0.3% THC or less.
These are great starting points on your search for CBD in Iowa. If you don’t see your city on this list, try your local vape shop! If they don’t carry CBD oil, they will likely have a good idea of where to track it down locally.
IMPORTANT: In July 2019, Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller said that those who are not suffering from a medical condition can not buy CBD legally. In other words, CBD products are prohibited, therefore, you would be violating the law if you buy or sell CBD.
Due to the changes in the Agricultural Act of 2014, industrial-hemp became a legal crop for farmers to grow. These changes allow industrial-hemp to be grown for research and to produce products such as paper, clothing, fuel, food, and CBD oil.
On the bright side of things, Iowa has approved five dispensaries in the state as of 2018. You will need a permit from the Iowa Department of Public Health to purchase at one of these locations. Unfortunately, the state has only issued approximately 400 permits, so it may be a little difficult to get one for yourself.
Iowa already has a Hemp Act signed by Gov. Kim Reynolds on May 13, 2019; the same authorizes farmers to grow hemp. Well, not yet. The act is waiting for final approval by the United States Department of Agriculture. Once approved, the law will come into force before the end of 2020.
Senate File 2313 would have raised the limited on THC content in CBD oils and expanded the definition of eligible medical conditions.
If you purchase CBD oil with a high THC content, with or without a permit, it is illegal in Iowa. You could face arrest and prosecution if you are caught in possession of these oils.
Consumers are confronted with a legal limbo where CBD is federally legal, but outlawed in Iowa until the state’s hemp plan is approved by the federal government. Iowa regulators passed SF 599, the Iowa Hemp Act, which was signed by Republican Gov. Kim Reynolds in May 2019. Yet state law still classifies CBD as a controlled substance. Further, the existence of Iowa’s medical cannabis program complicates many Iowans’ understanding of what is or isn’t allowed.
The sale of cannabis involving a minor, or within 1,000 feet of a school or other public place, can incur a sentence between five to 25 years in prison and up to $100,000 in fines.
There are currently no requirements for CBD lab testing outside of the medical cannabidiol program, as the cultivation and sale of any CBD products other than licensed by the IDPH is illegal.
The IDPH currently is not accepting new applications for manufacturing or dispensary licenses.
Iowa has yet to redefine CBD to meet the federal definition put forth by the 2018 Farm Bill. By signing the 2019 Iowa Hemp Act, Reynolds tasked the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) with drafting an industrial hemp program to be approved by the USDA. Once approved, the IDALS will oversee the regulation of hemp and CBD products in Iowa.