CBD is one of one of at least 120 identified plant compounds, known generally as cannabinoids, which exist in the hemp plant. It is non-psychoactive, so it won’t get you “high” like THC does. Instead, it has shown a variety of health benefits without causing negative effects in most.
As with any supplement or nutrition product you’re considering adding to your regular routine, consider speaking to a health professional first.
Introduction to CBD
Additionally, a 2017 study showed that CBD can have anxiolytic effects, meaning that it can reduce anxiety and be calming. When this potential for reducing anxiety and enhancing calm is combined with CBD’s potential to help muscle relaxation, many experience feelings of relaxation in both the mind and body.
It’s also important to know that, per a study published in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, different doses of CBD may affect you in different ways. Lower doses can cause feelings of focus and alertness while higher doses may be relaxing.
Another important factor to consider is the type of CBD you’re using. CBD comes in three primary types: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Full-spectrum contains over 120 of naturally-occurring plant compounds found in the hemp plant. Research shows that full-spectrum CBD can offer the maximum potential of benefits because all of the compounds from the plant interact together, referred to as the “entourage effect”.
Unlike THC, CBD helps your body regulate an array of internal functions by interacting with your neurotransmitters. Because of these interactions, many CBD users report improved stress responses after using CBD.
If you are just getting into CBD, avoid the labels, and pay attention to the ingredients.
How Does CBD Work?
As mentioned before, if you consume CBD several hours before bedtime, you will get the best results. Not only will your body release melatonin, but the CBD may also have a calming effect on your body, helping rid you of restless night thoughts that may keep you awake.
Hemp seed oil may come from the cannabis plant, which is in the same family as marijuana, but it has an entirely different function. Marijuana is rich in THC, but hempseed contains higher levels of vitamins and proteins, with minimal THC and CBD. (CBD is sourced from the hemp plant’s flowers, where most cannabinoids are found.) And, no, it won’t make you sleepy. Nor will it deliver any other suggested effects of THC or CBD.
One of the reasons is that research shows that cannabidiol may switch off a part of your brain that inhibits melatonin release, and that’s the hormone that helps in the early stages of sleep. During the day, your brain does not release melatonin, meaning there’s no issue with day-time CBD consumption. However, in the evening, your brain naturally prompts the body to release melatonin to prepare you for sleep after a long day. So, when you consume CBD in the evening, it is natural to feel tired, because that’s the time of day when your body should release melatonin.
CBN, the cannabinoid into which THC transforms when exposed to heat and light, may have more sedative effects. One analysis by Steep Hill Labs found that five milligrams of CBN was as effective as a 10-milligram dose of diazepam, a member of the “benzo” family used to treat muscle spasms, seizures, and anxiety. Thus, it’s likely that consuming older cannabis will have more sedative, sleep-inducing effects than fresher flower with less CBN present.
When it comes to how CBD products will make you feel, the answer will depend largely on individual-specific factors.
THC, the cannabis plant’s most abundant and intoxicating cannabinoid, is reputed to induce sleepiness. Ford believes any feelings of drowsiness associated with CBD oil can most likely be attributed to THC. “If CBD oil is making you feel drowsy, it’s probably due to a fraction of THC being left in the product,” he said.
What effect does CBD oil have on sleep disorders?
As to whether CBD oil can cause tiredness, expert opinions appear to be mixed. “There is no true clinical evidence to support CBD as a sleep aid. CBD oil itself should not make a person drowsy,” Ford said.
“CBD is an anxiolytic, which means that it reduces anxiety and is calming,” explains Dr. Elaine Burns, a naturopathic doctor who is CEO and founder of Dr. Burns’ ReLeaf. “In addition, it helps to relax the muscles. These two properties both contribute to a feeling of relaxation in the mind and body.”
CBD may diminish the anxiety that can render it challenging to fall asleep. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
“Each person’s reactions to CBD are unique,” Vo told Weedmaps News. “Reactions to CBD are also affected by other variables such as delivery method, whether the person is taking existing medications/supplements, and whether the product is an isolate or a spectrum oil.”