Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), THC activates the brain’s reward system by signaling the release of the brain chemical dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that plays an important role in mood and pleasure. By triggering a higher-than-normal release of dopamine, THC causes people to experience feelings of euphoria. THC is often administered by smoking marijuana, but it can also be found as an ingredient in capsules, edibles, and oils.
CBD that comes from marijuana may contain more THC, which may not be ideal for people who are trying to avoid THC. Some CBD products that are produced from cannabis, for example, may contain more THC than the label suggests.
What Is THC?
Before choosing a THC or CBD product, it is important to check your state laws to ensure that these products are legal where you live. Federal law mandates that hemp-derived CBD products should contain less than 0.3% THC, but even those trace amounts are still illegal in some states.
One study found that CBD helped block some of the potential psychiatric effects of THC. The authors of the study suggest that such findings have important implications for the use of cannabis products. People who are prone to unwanted side effects, for example, may be able to still gain the potential health benefits by sticking to products that are low in THC and higher in CBD content.
Psychoactive (produces a high)
We receive many questions about the types of Cannabis oil, marijuana oil, THC oil, hemp oil and CBD oil. What does the name stand for and what is in the oil? The biggest difference is the concentration of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol ) in the oils. Whereas hemp and CBD oil do not contain THC, the other oils do contain measurable levels of THC (the active substance that can produce a high).
The seeds of the hemp plant can be cold pressed peeled and unpeeled (preferably cold), to a delicious oil. This oil is known about its great taste, and for the high values of unsaturated fats, such as Omega 3 and Omega 6. In these oils, no cannabinoids such as TCH or CBD are present. Yet, the oil is used to improve the dosage and the wholesome effects of CBD oil.
CBD oil is made of industrial fiber hemp plants. You do not get high or stoned from CBD oil (it is made of hemp, not of marijuana). CBD is good for your health (see links below for more information).
Marijuana oil is made from (medicinal) marijuana (as the word already suggests) and the oil therefore also contains THC. The large difference between marijuana and hemp is the amount of THC present in the plant. For marijuana that is high and for hemp that is negligibly low.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol ) and CBD (Cannabidiol) are the two best-known cannabinoids that recently received a lot of attention as medical application. However, it is estimated there are more than 80 cannabinoids present in hemp and marijuana plants.
Consumers concerned about content and the accuracy of CBD products, which are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, can look for certification from independent lab testing or by scanning a QR code on product packaging.
In states where recreational marijuana is legal, the list of cannabis-derived products greatly expands to include CBD with much higher THC content than 0.3%.
Though 15 states have now legalized recreational marijuana, it remains illegal federally in the United States. Technically, those in possession of marijuana in a legal weed state can still be punished under federal law, and traveling across state borders with cannabis is prohibited.
Marijuana, containing both CBD and more THC than hemp, has demonstrated therapeutic benefits for people with epilepsy, nausea, glaucoma and potentially even multiple sclerosis and opioid-dependency disorder.
Our recent study found that Americans perceive hemp and CBD to be more like over-the-counter medication and THC to be more like a prescription drug. Still, the average person in the U.S. does not view hemp, CBD, THC or even marijuana in the same light as illicit substances like meth and cocaine – even though both are classified by the DEA as having a lower potential for abuse than marijuana.
Clinical research indicates that CBD is effective at treating epilepsy. Anecdotal evidence suggests it can help with pain and even anxiety – though scientifically the jury is still out on that.
Michigan State University provides funding as a founding partner of The Conversation US.