The AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein, explains what CBD oil is, what it does for dogs, and its safety concerns and potential side effects.
While there’s no scientific data on the side effects of CBD usage for dogs, there are potential side effects based on how CBD affects humans. To minimize any potential side effects, make sure you are following the proper dosage.
What Is CBD Oil?
According to Dr. Klein, CBD is also used because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, and for possible anti-cancer benefits, although there’s no conclusive data on this use.
Why are we hearing so much about CBD oil now? Dr. Klein points to the legalization of marijuana in many places, which has triggered interest in potential health benefits of marijuana-related products. “We are likely to see continued interest in CBD and an increase in research about its uses and efficacy in the coming years,” he says.
The safety and risks of using CBD for dogs have not yet been researched. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart. Therefore, we do not know what size dosage would be toxic. Any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction. It is always advisable, when giving your dog something new, to start out with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your veterinarian first.
As with any new supplement, there will be an adjustment period for your dog. Results and reactions will vary, and if you notice any adverse allergic reactions or your dog’s behavior changes , stop administering the oil immediately and seek veterinary help.
No, your dog cannot overdose on hemp oil. Hemp oil, by its nature, does not have any psychoactive effects , meaning there is no mind-altering substance in hemp or hemp seed oil that could lead to an overdose.
If you are new to hemp oil, here are a few key facts about this incredible oil for dogs, including where you can find it and the recommended hemp oil dosage for your furry friend !
How Much Should I Give My Dog?
Hemp oil is made by cold pressing the leaves, stalks, and/or seeds of the hemp plant. Depending on which part of the plant is used determines which variation of hemp oil is produced. For example, hemp oil that is produced using the stalks and leaves of the hemp plant tend to be rich in natural chemicals that can be beneficial for the body.
As with any supplement you give to your dog, the dosage of these hemp products will be determined by age, weight, and potentially even by breed , according to SitStay. For example, if you are giving your dog hemp oil as a way of treating anxiety, the breed may determine the dosage. Breeds that tend to be a little more anxiety-prone like Collies and Chihuahuas may need a larger dose than a golden retriever.
When asking yourself, “ how much hemp oil should I give my dog?” , it is important to read carefully and closely follow the directions. Do not purchase hemp oil from an untrusted source and certainly do not administer any hemp oil if there are no directions for use.
Hemp oil is an all-natural dietary supplement that increases cognitive function, promotes digestive health, and works to keep your dog limber. Today, dog owners are able to find hemp oil in a variety of forms, whether it’s in tincture bottles, soft chews, or even hemp dog treats that are tasty and delicious!
Let’s say, for example, that one 30 milliliter bottle contains 500 milligrams of CBD, and a standard dropper usually holds 1 milliliter. Some quick math can help you figure out the most effective dosage. Simply divide the milligrams of CBD by the amount of oil in the bottle. In this example, each milliliter, or full dropper, should have about 16.6 milligrams of CBD. When it comes to dosing, always start on the lower side first and remember, it’s one milligram per 10 pounds of body weight, not one dropper full. So, we’ve figured out how to measure out dosages, but you also need to know how to give CBD oil to dogs.
“Overall, the product was well tolerated clinically. However, clinically significant adverse effects, particularly diarrhea and elevations in serum ALP levels, are noteworthy and warrant further discussion and research,” McGrath told Weedmaps News.
Another potential risk for dogs is the consumption of too much THC, the intoxicating cannabinoid found in marijuana. In states where marijuana is legal, CBD oil products derived from marijuana may contain much higher doses of THC than the 0.3% maximum allowed in hemp products in other states. Also, given the lack of regulation of CBD products, there is potentially more THC in CBD oil products than consumers realize.
Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
“There should be no difference in ‘pet-quality’ oils,” said holistic veterinarian Judy Morgan. “Many human oils are pretty concentrated, so dosing becomes an issue for small pets.”
She said she hasn’t seen many side effects of CBD oil use in dogs.
Despite hemp’s legalization, CBD oil is currently in a state of regulatory flux in the U.S. With this lack of current regulation of CBD oil, there’s a need for consumers to educate themselves about CBD oil products and manufacturers they are considering. In fact, certain studies show that many of the products on the market are falsely labeled. In one November 2017 study, researchers tested 84 CBD products from 31 companies and found that only 30.95% were accurately labeled with the correct amount of CBD.
Of course, considering the vast number of CBD oil products currently on the market – partially because of the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp production in the United States – an important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. CBD oil can be derived from either hemp or marijuana, both of which are cannabis plants. Since marijuana is still illegal on a federal level, consumers are likely seeing many hemp-derived CBD oil products on the market. Marijuana-based CBD oil is legal in states that have legalized it for recreational or medical marijuana use.