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ati pain and inflammation test

Etanercept isn’t a painkiller, but it can reduce the effects of your condition. Your symptoms should start to improve 2–12 weeks after you start taking it.

Methotrexate is a DMARD used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, vasculitis and psoriatic arthritis. Learn the risks and side-effects.

Related information

Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) alter the underlying disease rather than treating symptoms. Learn how long they take, uses and side-effects.

Etanercept is usually used in combination with methotrexate, but it can be taken on its own.

If this is the case, your baby shouldn’t have any live vaccines until they’re at least seven months old. For more information talk to your rheumatology team and your child’s doctor, as some vaccines will still be safe for them to have.

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To respond to the sample questions, first enter your first and last names in the boxes below (this information will not be recorded; it is strictly for purposes of identifying your results). Then click the button corresponding to the best answer for each question. When you are finished, click the “Evaluate” button at the bottom of the page. A new browser window will open, displaying your results, which you may print, if you wish.

This practice exam is not timed, and you may take it as many times as you wish. Good luck!

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Choosing an NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce the inflammation that accompanies arthritis.

NSAIDs

Ibuprofen and naproxen are available in both OTC and prescription versions. OTC versions come in about half the strength of the prescription versions. At these lower doses, NSAIDs provide only pain relief. The anti-inflammatory benefits of NSAIDs are achieved at the higher doses found in prescription medicines.
The pain-relieving effects of NSAIDs begin quickly — within a few hours. However, swelling and warmth in joints may take longer to get better; it can take up to two weeks before you see full benefits.

Your body makes two different kinds of cyclooxygenase: COX-1 helps protect your stomach lining and COX-2 plays a role in inflammation. Most NSAIDs are nonspecific, meaning they interfere with both COX-1 and COX-2. While this helps relieve pain and inflammation, it also leaves your stomach vulnerable to ulcers and bleeding.
A specific type of NSAID, called a selective COX-2 inhibitor, blocks the COX-2 enzyme more than the COX-1 enzyme. The only selective COX-2 NSAID currently available in the United States is the prescription drug celecoxib (Celebrex).

The different NSAIDs work similarly, but some people respond better to one than another. If you’re just starting on NSAIDs, your doctor will likely have you try an over-the-counter (OTC) option. If you don’t get good relief, your doctor can switch you to another one.